The struggle to build the Nation

Introduction - Geography and Climate - History of Ecuador - Goverment -
Economy - Culture - Travellers information - Tourism -


The "Republic of the Ecuador" was one of three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Colombia and Venezuela). The country consists of four distinct regions: the tropical lowlands of the Pacific coast, the mountains and valleys of the Andean Sierra, the Amazon rain forest of the Oriente, and the Galapagos Islands. From snowcapped mountains and volcanoes to quaint Colonial cities. From business oriented centers to the fabled Galapagos Islands.

Ecuador is located on the northwest of South America, straddling latitude 0°, and although the smallest country in the rugged Andean highlands, Ecuador is among the most rewarding travel destinations in South America. With its array of vibrant indigenous cultures, well preserved colonial architecture, otherworldly volcanic landscapes and dense rainforest, it packs its perimeters with more points of interest than many countries twice its size. Ecuador is one of the countries with highest biodiversity in the world in relationship with its size. 1,800 species of birds, 1,000 species of fish, 680 of reptiles and amphibians, 230 of mammals, and more than 20,000 species of plants.

  Read on Next