A giant at the heart of the Central Asia

Introduction - History - Geography - Cities and Oblasts - Culture and Tradition - Food and Drinks - Population - What to do/Where to go - Did you Know

Kazakhstan at a glance

Kazakhstan - Winne.comOfficial Name: Republic of Kazakhstan

Area: 2, 717, 300 sq km

Population: 16.5 million

Ethnic Mix: 48% Kazakh, 34% Russian, 5% Ukrainian, 3% German, 2% Uzbek, 8% Others

Capital: Astana

Currency: Tenge

Country Code: 7

Kazakhstan, spreading from the Caspian Sea to China and from Siberia to the Tian Shan range, is the largest of the Central Asian republics, covering some 2.7 million square kilometers. It is bordered by Russia to the north, the Caspian Sea to the south-west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan to the south, and China to the east. It is also the least densely populated country. The population of Kazakhstan totals over 16.8 million people, half of whom are Kazakh, with a sizeable Russian community, and smaller concentrations of Ukrainians, Germans, Uzbeks and Tartars. Religion in the country is more or less equally split between Muslim and Russian Orthodox. Kazakhstan has huge reserves of mineral resources, which make it very attractive for investments from the west.

Until recently the capital of the country was the south-eastern city of Almaty, but was changed in 1998 to Akmola, which located in the north. Later its name was changed to Astana.

Kazakhstan gained its independence from the former Soviet Union on 16 December 1991, and celebrates its national day as Day of the Republic on 25 October each year.

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