An island of hope

Geography - History - Climate - Culture and People - Land System in Fiji - Political Situation - Fiji at a Glance - Fact for Travellers - What to Do and What to See - Smart Phrases in Fijian - Smart Phrases in Hindi - Did You Know ...?


Fiji enjoys a tropical South Sea maritime climate without great extremes of heat or cold. The islands lie in an area, which is occasionally crossed by tropical cyclones, mostly confined between the months of November to April every year. On the average some ten to twelve cyclones per decade affect some parts of Fiji but only two or three can be very severe. At all seasons the predominant winds over Fiji are the Trade winds from the East to Southeast. On the western and the eastern sides of Viti Levu and Vanua Levu however, breezes blow in across the coast. In general, the winds over Fiji are light moderate, the most persistent being in the period of July to December. Temperature averages 22 Celsius from May to October while from November to April temperatures are higher with heavy downpours. Although rainfall is highly variable, the average rainfall increases steadily inland from coastal areas. It usually increases between December to April, especially over the larger islands, but form May to October it is often deficient, particularly in the dry zone on the western and the northern sides of the main islands.

The Fiji bright blue sky

Tropical cyclones or hurricanes are most likely to occur between November and April, the so-called 'hurricane season'. Cyclones originate from low-pressure centres near the equator and travel to higher latitudes, accelerating along a curving path.

Strong destructive cyclones are however, a fairly rare phenomenon in Fiji. The country has been hit by an average of 12 cyclones per decade, with two or three of these being very severe. Of the 52 recorded from 1940 to 1980, only 12 were considered severe. On the other hand, in 1985, four cyclones hit Fiji within four months including Eric and Nigel, which caused deaths and millions of dollars worth of damage to towns, agriculture and the tourism industry. Cyclone Kina, early in 1993, caused severe flooding, completely destroying the bridge over the Ba River in the North-West of Viti Levu.

More recently, in 1997, Hurricane Gavin devastated areas of the Yasawas and the Mamanucas. At the beginning of the year 2003, Cyclone Amy hit Vanua Levu and various areas of the Northeast were seriously damaged.

Cloudy Valley


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